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Sudan: James Lual

Sudan

James Lual was a “Lost Boy.” Sudan had a civil war which began in 1983 and lasted until 2005. During that time Muslim attackers drove thousands of boys from their homes in southern Sudan. For years the boys wandered from place to place. Some ended up in refugee camps in other African countries. People called them “the Lost Boys of Sudan.”

More than 3,000 of the boys came to America. Others were allowed to settle in Australia, England, and Canada. James hoped to be one of those chosen to leave his homeland behind and start a new life somewhere else.

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Sudan and South Sudan

Sudan and South Sudan

Sudan

RESTRICTED

Sudan Capital
Khartoum

Main Languages
Arabic

Time
At 6:00 a.m. U.S. Central Standard Time, it is 2:00 p.m. in Sudan.

South Sudan

South Sudan Capital
Juba

Main Languages
English

Time
At 6:00 a.m. U.S. Central Standard Time, it is 2:00 p.m. in South Sudan.

Interesting Fact
The new flag of South Sudan is one of only two country flags that has six colors as part of its main design. (The other is South Africa’s.)

 

History
Sudan became an independent country in 1956. It was the largest country in Africa. The North and the South often did not get along. Muslims who ruled the North often controlled and fought against Christians and others in the South. Many people around the world worked and prayed for peace in Sudan, and there were improvements in the early years of the 21st century. But more fighting started in the western region of Darfur, bringing much sadness and many problems to that area. South Sudan became an independent country on July 9, 2011.

Religion
The majority of the people in Sudan are Muslims. The majority of the people in South Sudan are Christians or animists.

Persecution

In Sudan, it is against the law for Muslims to become Christians. Muslim women cannot marry non-Muslim men. Pastors and Christian workers have been arrested, and churches have been demolished. In the Nuba Mountains, the government bombs Christians and non-Arabs.