The new flag of South Sudan is one of only two country flags that has six colors as part of its main design. (The other is South Africa’s
Sudan became an independent country in 1956. It was the largest country in Africa. The North and the South often did not get along. Muslims who ruled the North often controlled and fought against Christians and others in the South. Many people around the world worked and prayed for peace in Sudan, and there were improvements in the early years of the 21st century. But more fighting started in the western region of Darfur, bringing much sadness and many problems to that area. South Sudan became an independent country on July 9, 2011.
The majority of the people in Sudan are Muslims. The majority of the people in South Sudan are Christians or animists.
In Sudan, it is against the law for Muslims to become Christians. Muslim women cannot marry non-Muslim men. Pastors and Christian workers have been arrested, and churches have been demolished. In the Nuba Mountains, the government bombs Christians and non-Arabs.