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Comparing Beliefs about Suffering: More Than Conquerors

Non-Christian Beliefs
Christianity
Buddhist Beliefs Buddhists believe that all suffering comes from desires we have. They try to get rid of desire by following “the Eightfold Path” (rules about “right thinking” and “right works”). God creates us with desires, and He fulfills those desires. (See Psalm 37:4.) Believers are “more than conquerors” in suffering (Romans 8:37).
Hindu Beliefs Hindus believe in “reincarnation,” the belief that after people die, they come back to life again as other people or animals. Those who believe in “karma” believe that how someone behaved in a former life makes them what they are in this life. People are born and die only once (Hebrews 9:27); therefore, it is impossible for suffering to be caused by what they did in other lives. (See also John 9:1–3. What did Christ say about the suffering of the blind man?)
Muslim Beliefs Most Muslims believe that all things, both good and evil, are the will of Allah. (Quran, Chapter 9, Verse 51) “All things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose” (Romans 8:28). “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights…” (James 1:17).

Comparing Life under Communism and in Free Countries

Life Under Communism
Life in Free Countries
Rights The needs of the whole society are more important than the rights of individuals. Individual rights are just as important as the needs of the whole society.
Worship Communist teachings say that God is not necessary. Belief in the God of the Bible is forbidden or strongly discouraged. The government tries to control public worship. People have more freedom to worship God the way they believe is right.
Free Speech Government officials do not want anyone to say bad things about them, so the government controls newspapers, television stations, and radio stations. People can voice their opinions, even if they want to complain about the government.
Property Communist governments control property. Leaders might decide to let people own some businesses, but they can change their minds, because the government is still in control. People have a right to own homes and businesses.

Comparing Christianity and the Religion of the Pharaohs

Ancient Egyptian Religion
Christianity
God Historians believe ancient Egyptians worshipped many gods, though not all were worshipped in the same area or time period. One ancient king is said to have worshipped only one god, but it was not the God of the Bible. Christians believe in one God (Deuteronomy 6:4).
Followers The ancient religion died out little by little as Christianity spread in Egypt. In recent times, some non-Christians outside of Egypt have taken an interest in Egyptian gods. (These gods are false gods according to biblical beliefs.) Some New Age followers in the U.S., for example, now pray to Isis, an Egyptian goddess. More than 2 billion people in the world today call themselves Christians.
Holy Book No single book was considered holy. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a collection of spells and magic that supposedly helped the dead deal with the afterlife. Christians believe the Holy Bible is the word of God (2 Timothy 3:16).
Afterlife Many archaeologists believe rulers had the pyramids built to serve as their tombs. They believed they could enjoy material possessions after death. Their bodies were preserved as mummies because they believed preserving them would help their soul survive properly. In heaven believers enjoy unbroken fellowship with God for eternity. (See Romans 6:23, 2 Corinthians 5:8, and 1 Thessalonians 5:10.)
Salvation Egyptians believed they would be judged after their death for their deeds done on earth. One belief was that the dead person’s heart would be weighed with a feather on the other side of the scale. If the heart was heavy with evil deeds and weighed more than the feather, the person would not have a good afterlife. Doing good deeds is not enough for salvation. (See Ephesians 2:8,9.) Salvation is by the grace of God through faith in Jesus Christ.

Comparing Christianity and Secular Humanism

Secular Humanism
Christianity
What are they? Secular humanism is a “life stance” that does not look to God to solve problems or give guidance. Secular humanists rely on science and education to improve the world. Christianity is the faith of those who follow Jesus. Christians rely on the Holy Spirit to guide them to the truth (John 16:13).
God Secular humanists believe that people are part of nature. They believe humans control their own destiny and that people may choose to believe whether or not God exists, and if there is life after death. But many secular humanists believe in neither. Christians believe God created people in His own image (Genesis 1:27). He controls times, seasons, and even earthly rulers (Daniel 2:21). God’s Word says that after death, there is life and judgment. (See 1 Corinthians 15:22 and Hebrews 9:27.)
Holy Book Secular humanists have no “holy books” like the Bible or the Quran. The Bible is the holy book of Christianity. It is the story of God’s unfolding relationship with people and how people can be close to Him.
Jesus Secular humanists believe that Jesus was just a human teacher, not the Son of God. The Bible explains how Jesus, the Son of God, gave His life so that humans can have a relationship with God. He said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me” (John 14:6, NIV).
The problem for humans Secular humanists believe that many problems are caused by ignorance and a lack of education. “Secular humanists…reject the idea that God…can save or redeem us.” (Source: The Council for Secular Humanism) All people are sinful (Romans 3:23). Wisdom and learning cannot save us from sin apart from Christ. (See Matthew 11:25–27 and 1 Corinthians 1:26–30.)

Comparing Christian and Muslim Beliefs about Women

Biblical Christian Beliefs
Muslim Beliefs and Traditions
Equality Though men and women may have different roles and tasks, they are equal in God’s sight. “There is neither Jew nor Greek…, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28, NIV). “Men are superior to women on account of the qualities with which [Allah] hath gifted the one above the other” (Quran, Chapter 4:34).
Submission and force The Bible talks about Christians “submitting to one another” (Ephesians 5:21). Husbands and wives are encouraged to care for each other. It does not talk about Christians forcing others to submit to their wishes. The Quran says that husbands may use force to make their wives obey (Chapter 4:34). Laws and rules in some Muslim countries force women and girls to submit to the wishes of strict Muslims.
Wives The Bible upholds the ideal of godly Christian men having only one wife. (See 1 Timothy 3:1,12.) The Quran says that men may marry up to four wives (Chapter 4:3). Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was allowed to have more than four (Chapter 33:50). Traditionally, Muslim men may marry either Muslim or Christian women, but Muslim women may marry only Muslim men.
Obedience from the heart The Bible talks about “doing the will of God from the heart” (Ephesians 6:6). Laws, customs, and rules in Muslim countries and families force many women to obey externally (on the outside) rather than “from the heart.”
Husbands and wives The Bible tells men to be like Christ, who gave His life for the Church. Husbands are told to love their wives as they love themselves and as Christ loved the Church. (See Ephesians 5:25.) Christian missionaries to Muslim countries say that nothing is as important as the husband’s comfort in many Muslim homes. A woman’s feelings are often ignored.